2 Sources of Criminal Records United States Criminal Records
A criminal record will reveal if a person has committed any criminal acts in the last few years. Arrests are also noted in criminal records. United States criminal records are used for a variety of purposes, such as for identification.
Criminal records, United States Criminal Records specifically, are compiled in the national, state and local levels of government in different databases. Criminal records United States criminal records – in local and state levels are typically shared among various law enforcement agencies and are publicly available. On the other hand, federal criminal records United States criminal records – are usually inaccessible to the public.
Criminal records, United States Criminal Records specifically, come from 2 sources: the Department of Justice and the Department of Transportation.
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Department of Justice Criminal Records United States Criminal Records
The Department of Justice, specifically the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), maintains several national databases of criminal records. United States criminal records can be found in the NCIC, NICS, IAFIS and CODIS.
The National Crime Information Center, or NCIC, is the main national database of criminal records. United States criminal records found in the NCIC contain information about arrest warrants, stolen properties, arrests, convictions and incarcerations. Aside from criminal acts and felonies, traffic offenses may also be included in NCIC criminal records. United States criminal records from the NCIC also take note of municipal offenses.
The National Instant Criminal Background Search System, or NICS, is another FBI database of criminal records. United States criminal records from the NICS contain information that may disqualify an individual from owning firearms. The NICS came to be as a mandate of the Brady Bill, which requires potential firearms buyers to undergo a criminal record check prior to the purchase.
The Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System, or IAFIS, is the world’s largest biometric database used in criminal records. United States criminal records with information from IAFIS are acquired from arrests and Background Searchs.
The Combined DNA Index System, or CODIS, is a collection of DNA profiles maintained by the FBI used in criminal records. United States criminal records from CODIS contain DNA gathered from convicted felons and from various crime scenes.
Department of Transportation Criminal Records United States Criminal Records
The Department of Transportation also manages a compilation of records of different individuals.
The National Driver Register, or NDR, provides a list of individuals who have had their licenses suspended. The NDR also provides information about DUIs, reckless driving, racing and certain traffic violations.
Meanwhile, Secure Flight is a program managed by the Transportation Security Administration. Secure Flight is used to check airline passengers for any suspected terrorist activity using various terrorism watch lists.
In general, the public is not allowed to access these federal databases of criminal records. United States criminal records such as these are used primarily for law enforcement purposes. Thus, United States criminal records in these databases are not legally accessible to the general public.
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